Soviet flying wing EKIP aircraft project

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The idea of creating a non-aerodrome aircraft EKIP was proposed by aircraft designer Lev Schukin in the early 1980s. It was a disk-shaped aircraft that performed the functions of both the wing and the fuselage at the same time.

The aircraft weighing 360 tons was designed for 300 passengers and 5 members of the crew. The "EKIP" was equipped with several turbojet engines, with each of them providing more than two tons of thrust. There were also turboshaft engines installed on the aircraft for efficient takeoff. To crown it all, a unique engine was designed for the flying disk - the AL-34 engine was using special fuel based on water, hydrocarbons and emulsifier.

The take-off path of the aircraft would be no more than 500 meters on any surface. It was capable of flying at altitudes from three meters to 11 kilometers at a speed of up to 700 km/h with a flight range of up to 6,000 kilometers. The extremely fuel-saving and eco-friendly vehicle was equipped with an innovative control system for frontal air resistance, which made it possible to ensure stability at steep angles of attack during takeoff and landing.

Two unmanned EKIP aircraft had been built as part of the project. It was planned to start mass production in 1993, but the project never materialised because of the fall of the USSR.

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